Open Captioning

  • 1949-1958 – Captioned Films for the Deaf: non-profit enterprise in Connecticut

  • 1959 – Program assumed by Department of Education (at that time, HEW)

  • December 1971 – HEW sponsors National Conference on Television for the Hearing Impaired, Nashville, TN

  • 1972-1973 – WGBH open captions programs – The French Chef, Richard Nixon’s inauguration speech, ABC Evening News (re-aired late at night with captions)